• Battery. Have your vehicle's battery inspected by a technician using professional equipment to ensure it has sufficient power.
  • Tires. In areas where snow and ice are facts of winter, install snow tires.
  • Windshield Wipers. Replace old, worn blades, and if your climate is harsh, snow (rubber-clad) blades can be an effective alternative.
  • Engine. Get drivability problems such as harsh idling and stalling repaired. Replace old air and fuel filters as well as a faulty positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) valve.
  • Anti-Freeze/Coolant. Make sure the condition, level and concentration (usually a 50/50 mix of anti-freeze and water) of your vehicle's anti-freeze is appropriate.
  • Fuel. Maintain a gas level of at least half-full. A full gas tank helps keep moisture from forming and also adds a beneficial weight increase.
  • Oil. Change your car's oil according to the manufacturer's recommended intervals. In extreme conditions, switching to synthetic oil, which is less susceptible to thickening, can be advantageous.
  • Heater/Ventilation/Air Conditioning. In order to drive safely and comfortably, your vehicle's HVAC systems need to be in good working condition to keep the cabin dehumidified.
  • Lights. Inspect all lights, replace burned-out bulbs and clear any grime that has accumulated on the lenses.
  • Exhaust System. Your vehicle's exhaust system should be inspected for leaks. Take it to a professional who can place it on a lift and examine the system properly.


  • Emergency Gear. In case of a stall or an accident, keep the following items in your vehicle: blanket, small shovel, flares, gloves, boots, tire chains, snacks and beverages, flashlight or candle w/ matches, and a CB radio or cellular phone.
  • Safety Belts. Make sure that all passengers are buckled up.
  • Head Restraints. Accidents are an unfortunate yet common result of winter driving—especially rear-end collisions. Be sure to adjust head restraints to help prevent and reduce neck injuries.
  • Planning Ahead. Before you get in your car and start driving, think about the safest route to your destination. Try to avoid bridges, hills and high-congestion areas.

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